Asphalt paving

Gisonite Application

What is asphalt paving?

Asphalt paving is a process of laying down a mixture of asphalt, sand, and gravel to create a smooth, durable surface.

Asphalt paving is an essential component of road construction, providing a smooth and durable surface for vehicles to safely traverse. It provides a surface that is resistant to weathering, heavy traffic, and other wear and tear. As an important aspect of infrastructure development, paving asphalt plays a crucial role in ensuring safe and efficient transportation networks for communities everywhere.

The technique is commonly used in constructing roads, parking lots, driveways, and other surfaces that are subjected to heavy traffic. The mixture is often referred to as asphalt concrete or simply “blacktop” and is typically made from a blend of asphalt cement and aggregate materials. 

Asphalt Paving Process 


The following steps are common processes of paving asphalt:

Existing Pavement Removal


In order to prepare the area for new asphalt, any old pavement must be removed. Heavy machinery, such as an excavator or bulldozer, is used for this.

Grading and Base Preparation 

Following the removal of the old pavement, the area needs to be graded and ready for the new asphalt. In order to achieve this, the base must be solid and suitably slanted to allow for drainage.

Sub-base Installation

A sub-base is often put in to provide the fresh asphalt with more solidity and support. Stone or gravel that has been crushed makes up this stratum.

Binder Application 

To help the asphalt stick to the surface and offer additional strength, a binder layer is put to the sub-base. Usually, the binder layer is made up of a thicker asphalt layer.

Top Layer Application 

The asphalt paving top layer is applied as the last phase. This layer, which is normally thinner than the binder layer, is the one that people will drive and walk on.

Compacting the Asphalt 

After it has been laid down, the asphalt needs to be pressed down to make sure it is level and smooth. Heavy machinery, such as a roller, is used for this.

Adding the Finishing Touches

The newly laid asphalt surface is finally given any necessary finishing touches, such as striping or markings.

Gilsonite in Asphalt and Road Paving

Gilsonite is a naturally existing mineral resin that has earned significant attention in recent years due to its universal application in the construction industry. One of its most popular uses is in road paving and asphalt sulfonated production.

This unique mineral has properties that enhance the quality of the paving asphalt, making it more durable and long-lasting. The black, shiny, and brittle uintaite is found in several locations across the globe. It has a high molecular weight and is composed of complex hydrocarbons, including aromatic compounds and resins. This mineral is highly soluble in petroleum-based solvents and has low toxicity, which makes it the best choice in the construction industry. We’ll discuss the use of gilsonite in road paving and its benefits as well as the method of asphalt pavement and more in the following article.

Types of asphalt

Asphalt Paving Methods

The infrastructure industry has introduced many methods for asphalt paving. Here are these methods:

Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Paving

This method involves heating the mixture of asphalt and aggregate to a temperature above 300 degrees Fahrenheit and using it for paving. This type of paving is commonly used for high-traffic areas like highways.

Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) Paving

In this method, the mixture of asphalt and aggregate is heated to a lower temperature of around 200-250 degrees Fahrenheit. This reduces the emission of harmful gasses and saves energy, making it an eco-friendly option.

Cold Mix Asphalt Paving

This is a low-temperature, energy-saving method of paving asphalt that is used for repairs and patching. The mixture of asphalt and aggregate is applied at ambient temperature, making it suitable for use in areas with less traffic.

Porous Asphalt Paving

This type of paving is designed to allow water to pass through the surface and into the ground below. Porous asphalt consists of a graded aggregate and a binder that is mainly used for parking lots and sidewalks.

Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavers (PICP)

This method involves using interlocking pavers to create a porous surface that allows water to seep through. PICP is commonly used for driveways and walkways.

Asphalt Overlay

An overlay involves applying a new layer of asphalt over an existing surface. This method is used to repair damaged areas or to improve the aesthetics of an old paving asphalt surface.

Milling and Resurfacing 

Milling refers to removing the top layer of an asphalt sulfonated surface to create a smooth base for resurfacing. This method is commonly used for highway and road projects and helps to improve the long-term performance of the asphalt surface.

Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavers (PICP)

This method involves using interlocking pavers to create a porous surface that allows water to seep through. PICP is commonly used for driveways and walkways.

Gilsonite Application in Asphalt Paving

As it was mentioned earlier, Gilsonite, also known as uintaite, is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon resin found in the Uinta Basin in Utah. This unique mineral has been utilized in various industries, including asphalt paving. The application of gilsonite in asphalt pavement has been proven to produce stronger and more durable road surfaces compared to traditional asphalt. Gilsonite is added to asphalt as a performance-enhancing agent. It enhances the final product’s resistance to aging, rutting, and cracking. The mineral’s molecular structure is highly compatible with asphalt binders, making it a powerful modifier. It also improves the workability of paving asphalt, making it easier to mix, transport, and apply. Adding gilsonite to asphalt sulfonated mixtures improves its flexibility, making it more resistant to cracking due to temperature fluctuations. Asphalt that has gilsonite also resists deformation caused by heavy vehicle traffic, making it an ideal choice for high-traffic areas such as highways and airports.

The application of gilsonite in asphalt paving has been embraced worldwide, and industries are continuously seeking new ways to optimize the use of the mineral. The Uinta Basin in Utah remains the primary source of gilsonite globally, with approximately 90% of the total global production originating from the area.

Gilsonite-modified asphalt is often used in a range of asphalt mixtures, including hot mixes, warm mixes, and cold mixes. It is also used in surface and base courses for roads and runways. Some of the common applications of Gilsonite in paving asphalt are:

– Pavement Sealers

Uintaite is used as an additive in pavement sealers to improve their adhesion, durability, and waterproofing properties.

– Hot-Mix Asphalt

Gilsonite-modified asphalt mixtures are commonly used in road construction and repair. The use of this mineral can improve the performance of the pavement by reducing rutting, cracking, and deformation.

– Cold-Mix Asphalt

Uintaite can also be used in cold-mix asphalt, which is typically utilized in colder temperatures. The addition of Gilsonite can improve the stability and durability of cold-mix asphalt.

– Grouts and patching compounds

Another application of gilsonite is that it can be utilized as an additive in grouts and patching compounds to improve their adhesion and strength.

– Crack fillers 

To improve the flexibility and adhesion of crack fillers, specialists use gilsonite as an effective ingredient. 

Benefits of Gilsonite in Asphalt Paving 

Uintaite has uncountable advantages when added to the paving asphalt. Here are some benefits of gilsonite in asphalt paving:

Enhanced Durability
Gilsonite has a high resistance to wear and tear, which means that asphalt pavement mixed with it can last longer and handle heavier traffic loads. Also, when the durability of the asphalt pavement increases, it improves the pavement’s lifespan by reducing the need for frequent repairs and maintenance.
Enhanced Elasticity
The inclusion of gilsonite in asphalt increases the pavement’s elasticity and flexibility, making it less likely to crack and pothole when subjected to freeze and thaw cycles. This is because Gilsonite’s unique molecular structure allows it to stretch and bend without breaking, making it more resistant to temperature changes and other environmental factors.
Better Waterproofing
Gilsonite has hydrophobic properties that improve the pavement’s water resistance, preventing damage from freeze-thaw cycles. Paving asphalt is not inherently waterproof, so adding Gilsonite to asphalt sulfonated mixtures increases the pavement’s resistance to water penetration. This enhances the pavement’s durability in areas with high rainfall, snow, and ice, reducing potholes and other related pavement damage.
Reduced Oxidation
Asphalt exposed to UV radiation can lose its color and become brittle with time. Gilsonite, being a natural UV absorber, can help slow the process of oxidation.
Lowered Cost
As compared to other additives that achieve similar results, gilsonite is often more cost-effective due to its lesser amount required in the mix. Besides, gilsonite improves the quality of the asphalt, less material is needed to achieve the same performance as traditional asphalt, reducing the amount of money spent on construction.
Environmental Friendliness
Gilsonite is a natural and organic mineral that doesn’t contain any hazardous chemicals, making it an eco-friendly option. Moreover, Gilsonite has a low carbon footprint, which makes it an environmentally friendly alternative to petroleum-based binders. This makes the use of uintaite in paving asphalt and road a sustainable choice for the construction industry.

What Does the Gilsonite-Modified Asphalt Mixture Consist of?

Gilsonite-modified asphalt mixtures typically consist of asphalt sulfonated binder mixed with Gilsonite (usually in the range of 8-12% by weight of the binder). The exact composition may vary depending on the specific application and the properties desired.
In addition to Gilsonite, other materials such as polymers and aggregates may be added to the mixture to further enhance its properties. These additives can improve the mixture’s durability, elasticity, and resistance to deformation.
The process of producing Gilsonite-modified paving asphalt involves heating the asphalt binder to a specific temperature (typically between 150-170°C) and then adding the uintaite. The mixture is then thoroughly mixed and processed to ensure that the mineral is dispersed evenly throughout the mixture.

asphalt Paving

Asphalt Paving and Surface Preparation

Before the asphalt is applied, the surface must be prepared correctly to avoid any problems related to the infrastructure.

Paving asphalt is typically prepared using a hot mix asphalt (HMA) plant. HMA is made up of asphalt binder, aggregates (such as gravel, sand, or crushed stone), and often other additives such as polymers or fibers. 

The process of mixing and preparing asphalt involves heating the aggregates to a specific temperature and drying them. This is typically done by first passing them through a dryer drum. Meanwhile, the asphalt binder is also heated to a specific temperature and is kept hot in a storage tank. 

Once the aggregates are hot and dry, they are combined with the hot asphalt binder in a mixing plant. This mixture is typically mixed for several minutes to ensure that the asphalt binder completely coats the aggregates. 

The mixed asphalt paving is then transported to the job site in trucks and is typically placed using a paving machine. The mixture is spread evenly and then compacted with a roller to ensure a smooth and uniform surface. 

Overall, the mixing and preparation of asphalt involves precise control of temperatures and mixing times to produce a high quality product that can withstand the demands of traffic and weather.

Here are the steps for asphalt pavement:

Cleaning the Surface
The surface of the pavement or roadway must be cleaned off any debris, dirt, and loose material so that the new asphalt can adhere firmly. It’s done either by sweeping, power washing or by using a vacuum truck.


The surface should be inspected and identified to figure out the degree of damage to the existing pavement, the depth of the base material, existing cracks, potholes, or other defects.


Any existing defects should be repaired before the new paving asphalt is added. This includes filling potholes, repairing cracks, and fixing any other damage to the surface.

Grading and leveling

When the surface has been cleared and repairs have been made, it is vital to grade and level the surface. This is necessary to determine how much asphalt sulfonated is required to be added and to ensure that the surface is even.

Tack Coat

Before laying new asphalt down, a tack coat is administered on the surface so the new asphalt will stick and form a stronger bond.

Adding New Asphalt

The asphalt paving process then begins by adding a fresh, hot asphalt layer in a predetermined thickness.


Once the asphalt is placed, it is spread and compacted using a compactor roller to provide a smooth finish that is level and compressed.

Curing period

After the asphalt has been spread, steps are taken to ensure that it cools down gradually and is allowed to dry completely. This will create a long-lasting paving asphalt surface.


The Dosage of Gilsonite in Asphalt Sulfonated

The dosage of gilsonite in asphalt sulfonated can vary depending on the specific requirements of the project and the properties of the gilsonite being used. Generally, uintaite is added at a rate of 5-8% by weight of the total asphalt binder content in the mixture when used in combination with sulfonated asphalt.

However, it is important to note that the optimal dosage of gilsonite for a particular project may vary depending on factors such as the properties of the paving asphalt binder being used, the temperature and climate conditions, and the desired performance characteristics of the final asphalt surface. Therefore, it is recommended to consult with a gilsonite supplier or a qualified engineer to determine the appropriate dosage for a specific project.